Sheet Metal Terms


Air Feed A way of feeding the die in a stamping press. with raw material.
AISI Number AISI stands for the American Iron and Steel Institute, and is a four-digit identification number used to specify different types of carbon steel coils. The first two digits indicate the grade of steel, and the last two give the amount of carbon that the steel contains.
Base Metal When referred to in reference to welding, the base metal is the part that all other parts are welded to. It can also be referred as the parent metal.
Bead A narrow ridge of metal used to strengthen a flat sheet metal workpiece or part.
CAD Computer Aided Design. Software to design parts. Examples are AutoCAD, Solidworks, SolidEdge etc.
CAM Computer Aided Manufacturing. Software that takes a CAD file and create NC code to manufacture the part on a CNC controlled machine such as a Mill, Router, Laser, Punch etc.
CNC Computer Numeric Control. Refers to the computer integrated into a machine (such as a mill, router, laser etc) to receive and process instructions.
Dart A narrow ridge of metal used to strengthen a flange of a part. The dart is formed into the edge of the flange and the part.
EDM Wire electrical discharge machining (EDM). It uses a wire electrode that travels through the workpiece. Wire EDM removes metal with electricity by means of spark erosion.
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning. As MRP, but including additional features such as data warehousing, accounts, human resources etc.
Galvanizing The process of coating steel with zinc, which creates a surface that is highly resistant to corrosion.
Gauge A measurement of thickness. Standard gauges include the Galvanized Sheet Gauge (GSG), United States Standard Gauge (USS) and Birmingham Wire Gauge (BWG).
GTAW Gas Tungsten Arc Welding.
ID Inside Diameter. Used to measure the width of a coil or tube.
Kaizen Japanese for “improvement” or “change for the best”, refers to philosophy or practices that focus upon continuous improvement of processes in manufacturing, engineering, business management or any process.
Lancing A cutting process where material is sliced or cut without producing a slug or separating the workpiece.
Laser Cutting The use of a highly concentrated beam of light to generate enough heat to pierce and cut, using CO2 and fibre optic lasers.
MRP Materials Resources Planning or Material Requirement Planning. Factory management/planning software, allowing companies to control and plan production, stock, purchasing, dispatch etc.
Perforating The punching of multiple holes, often identical and arranged in a regular pattern, in a sheet, blank, or formed part. The holes are often round, but could be of any shape.
phosphating The process of forming an phosphate coating on metal by immersion in an aqueous phosphate solution.
PLM Product Lifecycle Management.
POB Plane of bend. The orientation of a bend in relation to the axis of the straight section preceding it. Used specifically for changes of plane in successive bends.
Ram The traveling plate onto which one part of a stamping die is mounted in a press. Also referred to as the slide.
Rib A long V-shaped or radiused indentation. It is used to strengthen large sheet metal panels.
Rust The reddish material that form on iron or its alloys resulting from exposure to water/humidity or chemical attack. It mainly consists of hydrated iron oxide.
Unicoiler Material handling machine located at the beginning of a process which is used to hold and safely deliver or uncoil the steel strip.
Viscosity The resistance of a fluid to flow or motion within itself.
Welding Joining two pieces of material by applying heat, pressure, or both. Sometimes this will be with or without a filler material. The join is produced through fusion/recrystallisation across the interface.

Sheet Metal Terms